Pallet racking is crucial in many warehouses and distribution centres, allowing for efficient storage and organisation of goods. However, it is essential to ensure that the pallet racking layout is optimised to make the most efficient use of space, reduce the risk of accidents, and improve the overall workflow. In this blog post, we will discuss ten tips for optimising your pallet racking layout in your warehouse.

Tip 1. Conduct a warehouse audit.

Conducting a warehouse audit is the first step in optimising your pallet racking layout. This will help you identify inefficiencies in the current layout, such as poor aisle spacing or overstocked pallet locations. This information can be used to develop a new format optimised for your warehouse needs.

Tip 2. Make use of vertical space.

Pallet racking can use vertical space in your warehouse. By installing taller racking or using multi-level racking, you can increase the amount of storage space available without increasing the footprint of your warehouse.

Tip 3. Use the appropriate racking system.

Different types of racking systems are better suited for different kinds of goods. For example, selective racking is great for small items that are frequently accessed, while drive-in racking is better for bulky items that are not accessed as frequently. By selecting the appropriate racking system for your goods, you can optimise the layout of your warehouse.

Tip 4. Utilise the FIFO method.

FIFO (first-in, first-out) is a method of inventory management that ensures that the oldest items are used first. By implementing this method in your warehouse, you can ensure that goods are kept from storing for long periods, reducing the risk of damage or spoilage.

Tip 5. Optimise aisle spacing.

Aisles should be wide enough to allow for the safe movement of personnel and equipment, and they should be clearly marked and well-lit to prevent accidents. Additionally, SEMA recommends that aisle widths should be at least as wide as the widest load to be stored on the racking, with a minimum width of 3 meters for hand-loaded aisles and 4 meters for mechanised aisles.

Tip 6. Use safety equipment.

Safety equipment, such as wire decking, row spacers, and safety netting, can help to reduce the risk of accidents and damage to the racking and stored items. Wire decking helps to prevent items from falling through the racking; row spacers help to keep the racking stable, and safety netting can be used to catch dropping items.

Tip 7. Organise similar items together.

Organising similar items together can make finding and accessing the items you need easier. This can also help reduce the risk of damage or spoilage, as items are less likely to be stored for long periods.

Tip 8. Keep aisles clear.

It is essential to keep aisles clear to ensure that personnel and equipment can move safely throughout the warehouse. This can be achieved by storing empty pallets and other materials in designated areas and ensuring that all pallets are correctly stacked and secured.

Tip 9. Create a layout that is easy to navigate.

A well-designed layout will make it easy for personnel to navigate the warehouse and find the necessary items. This can be achieved by creating clear pathways and marked areas for different types of goods.

Tip 10. Regularly review and update the layout.

Your warehouse’s needs may change over time, so it’s essential to periodically review and update the layout as necessary. This will ensure that your warehouse remains efficient and safe and that you can continue to make the most of your available space.

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